Cooper, Grace Rogers. The Sewing Machine: Its Invention and Development. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1976.
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” Who Made America: Isaac Merritt Singer: The American Multinational” 1995-2009 Public Broadcasting Service(PBS.)http://www.pbs.org/wqbh/theymadeamerica/whomade/singer_hi.html Accessed 1/24/2009.
” Libraries of Curious and Unusual Facts: Inventive Genius“, Time Life Books, Electronic Historical Publications, 1996 www.history.rochester.edu/Scientific_American/mystery/howe.htm accessed 1/24/2009.
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“Isaac Merritt Singer (1811-1875) Sewing Machine“. Inventor of the WeekArchive. http://web.mit.edu/invent/iow/singer.html [Accessed March 20, 2009].
Niemann, Paul. “Inventor of Popular Machine Failed to Sew up to its Brand Name.” Lincoln Daily News, December 26, 2008. http://archives.lincolndailynews.com/2008/Dec/26/Features/TL122608.shtml [Accessed March 20, 2009].
Mount, Ellis and List A. Barbara. “Sewing Machine“. The Ready Reference Guide to Discoveries, Inventions, and Facts. Arizona: Oryx Press, 1994, p. 114.
Schlager, Neil. “Invention of the Sewing Machine“. Science and its Times-Understanding the Social Significance of Scientific Discovery, Vol. 5, 1800-1899. Detroit: Schlager Information Group, 2000, pp.530-532.
“Inventor Elias Howe Was born July 9, 1819“. America’s Story from America’s Library. Library of Congress. http://www.americaslibrary.gov/cgi-bin/page.cgi/jb/nations/howe_1 [Accessed March 20, 2009].
What Came First page:
First Machines Page:
 James Paton, F.L.S.; Superintendent of Museums and Art Galleries of Corporation of Glasgow from 1876; Assistant in Museum of Science and Art, Edinburgh, 1861-76; President of Museums Association of the United Kingdom, 1896; editor and part-author of Scottish National Memorials, fol. 1890. Chain stitch picture
Barthelemy Thimonnier picture left from http://www.moah.org/exhibits/virtual/sewing.html
 James Paton, F.L.S.; Superintendent of Museums and Art Galleries of Corporation of Glasgow from 1876; Assistant in Museum of Science and Art, Edinburgh, 1861-76; President of Museums Association of the United Kingdom, 1896; editor and part-author of Scottish National Memorials, fol. 1890. Lockstitch picture
American Inventor page:
 “Elias Howe.” People of Connecticut. http://www.netstate.com/states/peop/people/ct_eh.htm [accessed March 20, 2009]. February 25, 2005
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No copyright is claimed on non-original or licensed material. Picture Credits
 “Early Sewing Machine by Elias Howe, c1846.” Science Museum/Science and Society Picture Library, picture taken October 29, 2003, http://www.sciencemuseum.org.uk/images/1031/10302078.aspx
Howe Vs Singer Page:
“Isaac Singer”. Inventor of the Week, Lemelson-Mit Program. http://web.mit.edu/invent/iow/singer.html [accessed March 20, 2009], p1.
Impact on America page:
“19th Century Advertisement”. “American Cultural History”. Photo credits to Peggy Whitley 2003. Kingwood College Library, updated June 2008. http://www.kclibrary.lonestar.edu/19thcentury1850.htm [accessed April 1, 2009].